What is Mini Gastric Bypass surgery?
Mini Gastric Bypass surgery is one of the minimally invasive surgical weight loss procedures available today. The Mini gastric bypass surgery is similar to the time-tested gastric bypass with Roux-en-Y weight loss surgery except for few variations in the surgical procedure. Dr Maran performs Mini Gastric Bypass in Chennai for severely obese individuals.
How is a Mini Gastric Bypass performed?
This surgery involves placing five trocars or laparoscopic surgical instruments through the laparoscopic keyholes in the abdomen. Through these trocars, the surgeon passes the laparoscopic video camera and other laparoscopic tools into the abdomen. The stomach is then divided into two parts using the endoscopic stapler. The smaller portion that connects to the esophagus acts as the new stomach and it can hold only up to 4-6 ounces of food. The other larger part of the stomach is left untouched and does not receive food from the esophagus anymore. The surgeon then bypasses the whole of the duodenum and part jejunum to the smaller new stomach using an endoscopic stapler to create an anastomosis. Any connection between any tubular structures through which something has to pass like food, digestive juices, blood, other fluids, etc. is termed as anastomosis. Usually, anastomosis is done between tubular structures of GI tract (like between stomach and intestine, between intestines, blood vessels, and urethral structures, etc. They are done surgically by hand sewing technique or with modern gadgets like stapling. The advent of surgical stapling has made anastomosis relatively easier and also has contributed to lower surgical time and lower complications.
The length of the bypassing intestine will be determined by the surgeon based on the physical and lifestyle conditions of the patient (usually ranging from 3-7 feet). The trocars are then removed and the laparoscopic holes are closed with sutures.
How is weight loss achieved by Mini gastric bypass?
Dr Maran who performs Mini Gastric Bypass in Chennai outlines the changes that cause weight loss by Mini gastric bypass surgery are:
- The new mini stomach created by the surgical procedure can only hold 4-6 ounces of food, thereby restricting the amount of food you can eat.
- The small intestine is responsible for the absorption of calories. Since a portion of the small intestine is bypassed the number of calories absorbed is drastically reduced thereby leading to weight loss.
- Also, the levels of the hormone Ghrelin which is responsible for hunger is lowered as a result of this surgery. This leads to a reduced appetite in people who have undergone this surgery.
The Difference between Gastric Bypass Roux-en-Y Surgery vs. Mini Gastric bypass surgery:
- Unlike the Roux-en-Y surgery which requires three anastomosis, the Mini gastric bypass surgery requires only one anastomosis.
- The stomach pouch is created along the lesser curvature of the stomach in the Mini Gastric Bypass surgery whereas in the Roux-en-Y surgery the stomach pouch is created along the greater curvature of the stomach.
- Despite the three anastomosis procedures required, Gastric Bypass Roux-en-Y surgery still remains the gold standard procedure for weight loss. This is because this weight loss procedure is being performed for many years and hence has voluminous post-surgical patient data. Hence the response of the body, the weight loss per se, complications if any, and all other related data are abundantly available for Gastric Bypass Roux-en-Y surgery. This warrants safety and ease of handling all post-surgical issues by the surgeon.
- While on the other hand the mini gastric bypass surgery is a relatively new procedure and does not have many patient data.